The inability to see objects or visuals at a distance clearly could possibly be one of the symptom of suffering Myopia among children. Myopia, or near-sightedness occurs when the eyeball is too long, relative to the focusing power of the cornea and lens of the eye. It means that the eye does not bend or refract light properly to a single focus to see images clearly. For people who suffer Myopia, close objects look clear but distant objects appear blurred. Myopia is a common condition that affects mostly children.

Myopia is often discovered in children when they are between eight and 12 years old. Thus, children may encounter higher risk of getting Myopia if their parents are also Myopia.

Patients with myopia have a higher risk of developing a detached retina. Ask your ophthalmologist to discuss the warning signs of retinal detachment with you if you are in this risk category. If the retina does detach and it is discovered early enough, a surgical procedure could possibly help to repair it. It is important to have regular eye examinations by an ophthalmologist to watch for changes in the retina that might lead to retinal detachment. If the myopia is mild, it is called low myopia. Severe myopia is known as high myopia. High myopia will usually stabilize between 20 and 30 years old. With high myopia, you can usually correct vision easily with glasses, contact lenses or sometimes with refractive surgery. As a consequence, people with high myopia may also have a higher than average risk of developing glaucoma and cataracts.

Myopia treatment

Eyeglasses or contact lenses are the most common methods of correcting myopia symptoms. Depending on the degree of your myopia, you may need to wear your glasses or contact lenses all the time or only when you need very clear distance vision, like seeing a chalkboard, driving or watching a movie. They work by refocusing light rays on the retina, compensating for the shape of your eye. Eyeglasses can also help protect your eyes from harmful ultraviolet (UV) light rays. A special lens coating that screens out UV light is available.

In many cases, people may choose to correct myopia with LASIK or another similar form of refractive surgery. These surgical procedures are used to correct or improve your vision by reshaping the cornea, or front surface of your eye, effectively adjusting your eye’s focusing ability.

However, according to Dr. Fong, children should be getting enough sunlight exposure to reduce the risks of suffering Myopia. Outdoor activities are the most basic necessity should be practiced by children at school or even at home. It is very essential to allocate some quality time to do outdoor activities regularly.

An insight into Glaucoma

For elder people, Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in people over 40 years. it is not an infection or contagious. It usually develops when the production of aqueous humour increases or the aqueous humour does not drain adequately. It causes the rise of pressure in the eye that will later damage the nerve fibres and blood vessels due to the compression. This phenomenon will interrupt the transmission process of visual messages to the brain and will result impaired vision and blindness.

Diagnosing Glaucoma

You are at an increased risks of having Glaucoma if you age over 40, having a family history of Glaucoma, having poor vision, suffering from diabetes, consuming certain medications or having experienced trauma on your vision. Chronic glaucoma usually does not show any obvious symptoms. Thus, it is vital for you to have a regular check-up through ophthalmic examination. The tests will be very simple and painless to detect any changes in your eye pressure, drainage angle, optic disc and visual field.

Eye drops

This is a special eye drop for Glaucoma. It is very common for the doctors to prescribe eye drop to treat Glaucoma. It will either reduce the formation of fluid in the front of the eye or increase its outflow. Side effects of glaucoma drops may include allergy, redness of the eyes, brief stinging, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. Some glaucoma drugs may affect the heart and lungs.

Laser treatment

Laser surgery for glaucoma slightly increases the outflow of the fluid from the eye in open-angle glaucoma or eliminates fluid blockage in angle-closure glaucoma. It is more like to open the clogged drainage and channel fluid to flow more freely.

Microsurgery

This operation is called as trabeculectomy. In t his operation, a new channel is created to drain the fluid, thereby reducing intraocular pressure that causes glaucoma. Sometimes this form of glaucoma surgery fails and must be redone. Nevertheless, for some patients, a glaucoma implant is the best option. However, this microsurgery could somehow cause other complications for instance some temporary or permanent loss of vision, as well as bleeding or infection.

Escalating Cases Of Myopia Among Children
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