Our bones help to support our bodies, keep us straight, protect on internal organs such as lungs and heart as well as to enable us to move. However, bone is a living tissue which grows, break downs and gradually rebuilt through a process called “remodeling”. As we grow old, the bone remodeling might not be keeping pace with our age. Therefore, for individuals with low peak bones mass, developing Osteoporosis will be much easier and quicker for them.

Osteoporosis is coined from two words “osteo” which means bones and “porosis” means porous. It is a condition where there is a decrease level in the density of bone and subject to fractures. It is the situation where bones drop its strength and resulting in fragile bones. In fact, Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures or breakss in the bones. On the other hand, Osteopenia is different but related with Osteoporosis in many ways. It is a condition of bone that is slightly less dense than normal bone but not to the degree of bone in osteoporosis. To add, it might be less severe but it is still worth to be prevented.

Osteoporosis in Malaysia

According to Datuk Dr. Lee Joon-Kiong, a practicing Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon who is also the president of Osteoporosis Awareness Society of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor (OASKLS), there are rather high percentage of women getting Osteoporosis compared to men. According to the recent survey, hip fractures surgical remarks relatively a worrying situation where the percentages divide into 25% of the patients who will fortunately become such in normal condition, 50% will be bound to wheel-chair, stick or anything to support their standings and movements and lastly another 25% will probably die within first year of hip fractures. With only 75% who might survive the hip fractures, however they still have to bear the side effects of Osteoporosis for the entire life.

In childhood and adolescence, the body constantly breaks down old bone and rebuilds new bone in the process called “remodeling”. During this time, the body builds more bone than it removes, thus it grows and strengthens the bones. It is not a rare fact that women need enough calcium but it is indeed crucial that kids and teenagers are essentially in of need ample bone-boosting calcium. In fact, youngsters must have a balance and healthy lifestyle since their early ages to build strong bones. Diet and exercise are very much needed.

Normal bone is composed of protein, collagen, and calcium, all of which give bone its strength. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break with relatively minor injury that normally would not cause a bone to fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking or collapsing. The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis although osteoporosis-related fractures can occur in almost any skeletal bone.

Are you at risk?

Osteoporosis can happen due to several factors encompass lifestyle, diet and genetic. Many risk factors can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. Dr. Lee added that there are things that you might not possibly change while others you possibly can. These are among the factors that you cannot change but perhaps to be taken aware of; Gender- women get osteoporosis more often than men, Age- the older you are, the greater your risk of osteoporosis, Body size – small, thin and low BMI women are at greater risk, Ethnicity – white and Asian women are at highest risk. Meanwhile Black and Hispanic women have a lower risk. – Family history – Osteoporosis tends to run in families.

If a family member has osteoporosis or breaks a bone, there is a greater chance that you will too, Sex hormones – Low estrogen levels due to missing menstrual periods or to menopause can cause osteoporosis in women. Low testosterone levels can bring on osteoporosis in men, Other diseases – Diabetes, anorexia nervosa, arthritis and other serious disease. Less in calcium and vitamin D intake – A diet low in calcium and vitamin D makes you more prone to bone loss. Medication use – Some medicines increase the risk of osteoporosis. Activity level – Lack of exercise or long-term bed rest can cause weak bones. Smoking – Cigarettes are bad for bones, and the heart, and lungs, too and Drinking alcohol – Too much alcohol can cause bone loss and broken bones.

Facts

Hip Fractures surgical survey:
25% of the patients who will fortunately become such in normal condition
50% will be bound to wheel-chair, stick or anything to support their standings and movements
25% will probably die within first year of hip fractures.
75% who might survive the hip fractures, however they still have to bear the side effects of Osteoporosis for the entire life.

Weak And Brittle Bones
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